New to the 5th Edition
  • Advance organizers. The book uses advance organizers, especially visual displays, to introduce students to the logical structure of methods and techniques covered later. The advance organizer for the book as a whole is the information-processing model of policy inquiry presented in the first chapter.
  • Learning objectives. At the beginning of each chapter is an explicit statement of the learning objectives that students should be able to attain by reading the chapter and completing its study questions and demonstration exercises.
  • Review questions. Knowledge and skills in policy analysis must be reinforced.  For this reason, review questions are provided at the end of each chapter. The review questions address two kinds of skills: higher-order skills in conceptualizing, interpreting, explaining, synthesizing, evaluating, and applying; and lower-order technical skills in calculating, estimating, and computing.
  • Demonstration exercises. Each chapter contains cases that supply a basis for demonstrating the application of different kinds of knowledge and skills. By completing demonstration exercises, students are drawn away from idealized notions of “perfect” analysis(“blackboard policy analysis”) and empowered by analyzing real-life problems.
  • Cases. Cases in policy analysis are the focus of the demonstration exercises. Cases span a number of issue areas including foreign policy and security, transportation policy, occupational health and safety, and urban policy. 
  • Bibliographies. In addition to literature cited in footnotes, each chapter is accompanied by a list of readings that are keyed to the subject matter of that chapter.
  • Guidelines for written and oral communication. Students who master methods almost always face difficulties when they must communicate the results of analysis through policy memoranda, position papers, issue papers, and oral briefings. To help overcome these difficulties, appendices present step-by-step guidelines and checklists.
  • Argument maps. Analysis is about making and understanding policy arguments. This edition uses numerous argument maps created with Rationale, an exceptionally useful and innovative computer program available at